Find out what motivates the individual dog. Your dog loves tug? Use playing tug’o’war as a reward. Your dog likes sniffing? Use sniffing as a reward. You just have to work with your dog to figure out what it’s willing to work for.
Hey so here’s a nifty fact for you: aversive tools have no place in dog training.
Here’s another nifty fact: even if the dog is aggressive.
One more: especially if the dog is aggressive.
This is a recreation of the original pug. They can do many things the modern pug can't, like going out in cold and heat and actually working. They are not perfect, but maybe one day they will be.
these are adorable. the tails aren’t so tightly curled either, which is nice.
just something to think about: Pug breeding in Germany is not the same as Pug breeding elsewhere. Germany has anti-torture breeding restrictions, due to breeds like Pugs and Pekes not being able to just be dogs. MPRV Pugs have longer legs, extended muzzles, less-tightly curled tails, and eyes that sit IN the head and look in the same direction!
this breeding practice needs to spread.
"Qualzucht? Nein Danke!"
Never seen a Gampr with this kind of coat
The Dog’s Dentition: Each maxillary (inferior and superior) has six incisive and two canine teeth. The superior arch has 8 premolars and four molars, and the inferior arch has eight premolars and six molars, in total the dog has 42 teeth. The incisive teeth are used to cut and rip food, while the rest help grind the food (Wang. X Tedford RH. 2008).
The fang-canine teeth are there to grab (the big ones on top and bottom) hold and tear. The front teeth scrape meat off of bones (whether real or fake). The incisors (small saw like teeth) grab and hold. The big incisors cut—acting like a pair of scissors. The molars—larger back teeth are there to crush, very much like us human. The jaws are long most dogs, (except for breeds that have been deliberately manipulated by human breeding to provide a shorter, more human-like face), enabling the fang to grab large objects. The muscles that control the jaws are some of the most powerful muscles in the dog’s entire body; just ask Pit Bull or Rottweiler. They can grab and hold, hold and hold some more.
The dog cannot move its jaws sideward. Observe this—it’s amazing, just as is a dog taking a drink. The tongue tips backwards, not frontwards. We can move our lower jaw from side to side, enabling a grinding process when we chew. Your dog cannot. The fang teeth make it impossible. The jaw joint is a stiff hinge joint, like our knee joints—it does not allow any flexible movements other than up and down. If your dog trusts you, it might allow you to test this by trying to gently move its lower jaw from side-to-side.
Source Article Here. If anyone tries to tell you that dogs need the plant material and carbohydrates in processed pet food, point them toward some basic physiology.
Common Myth: Dental Cookies and Kibble
Dr. Dobias talked about one myth out there regarding preventative dental solutions. “The most common myth in my practice is people believe that if they feed cookies that are crunchy or kibble that is crunchy, there is going to be no build-up. But we know that these crunchy cookies are no different than our crunchy cookies. And you can just run your tongue across your teeth after eating a cookie, and you know what is happening. It’s a feast for the bacteria in the mouth. And what the bacteria does is it creates this mineralized deposit on teeth.”
Consequently, one way to prevent this tartar build-up is to decrease the carbohydrate intake for your animal.
How Does Dental Disease Develop?
The tartar starts depositing at the gum line. Bacteria will create inflammation as the surrounding tissue begins to redden. The gums will then start to recede. The bacteria eats away at the bone and exposes the root. The ligaments holding the teeth in place will deteriorate, and you will begin to see the final stages of dental disease.
Dental disease in dogs
When it comes to tartar prevention, many people agree that brushing is great. However, how many people actually take the time to brush their dog’s teeth?
But the types of bones are important. Different bones are appropriate for different dogs based on their chewing habits, their jaw strength, their size, and other factors. The optimal choices are unmedicated and hormone-free raw food and bones. Become informed and comfortable with your decisions.
Full Article Here. Has some useful tips for feeding bones, as well as info about gum disease in dogs.